Dokku is a Heroku-like “docker-powered PaaS that helps you build and manage the lifecycle of applications”, as it says on its GitHub page. It has a similar git-centric interface for running and managing your applications.
I will show you how to install and use Dokku on a Linode instance. I will be using Deployo to manage the server but you can also just SSH into the server and execute the same commands.
First you need to create a Linode instance. Go to linode.com and create an account if you do not already have one. When you login you will be taken to your linode manager view where you will be offered to create a linode instance.
After selecting an instance and clicking “Add this Linode!” button at the bottom of the page, your server will be created.
Initially the server is empty, there is no operating system or anything there at all. To be able run anything on the server we have to install an operating system by deploying an Image. I chose to deploy Ubuntu 16.04 LTS because it is the most stable Ubuntu available at the moment. I chose Ubuntu because there is a huge community of developers using Ubuntu and there is almost no problem that somebody already did not have and has not already fixed.
Now when the OS is installed your server is in “Powered Off” state, click the “Boot” button to start it up.
Configure Deployo and install Dokku
While your server is starting lets configure it in Deployo. We set up the password for now, but we will configure SSH keys soon.
servers: - name: linode_dokku host: 184.108.40.206 port: 22 user: root password: <your root password>
You can visit Dokku at http://dokku.viewdocs.io/dokku/ to get the command to install Dokku on your machine. I did this for you, the command is:
$ wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/dokku/dokku/v0.11.3/bootstrap.sh $ sudo DOKKU_TAG=v0.11.3 bash bootstrap.sh
We will use these commands to configure a Deployo script and will replace the version with a variable. This variable will allow us to switch out versions for the script more easily in the future.
scripts: - name: install_dokku commands: - wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/dokku/dokku/$VERSION/bootstrap.sh - sudo DOKKU_TAG=$VERSION bash bootstrap.sh variables: - VERSION
Now that we have a server and a script let us make a template that rounds all of this up.
templates: - name: install_dokku description: Install Dokku to linode server servers: - linode_dokku scripts: - install_dokku variables: VERSION: v0.11.3
Now go to the Deployo dashboard, you should see your template. The server status should be green (connected). Click the Deploy button of your template and the execution will start.
After around 4 minutes Dokku should be install on your server. Visit you server IP (in my case it is 220.127.116.11) to finish the installation.
Note: do not use your Deployo generated SSH key for Dokku, this key is going to be used by Deployo to connect to your server. For Dokku you should use your SSH key from your personal laptop/desktop.
Optional step - Assign an SSH key to your server
We can configure Deployo to use an SSH key every time it connects to your server. This way you can remove the password from your configuration. To assign an SSH key to your server and use it go to the SSH Keys page and generate SSH keys for the
linode_dokku server. When the keys get generated you will be provided with a command that you can execute to quickly add this key to you servers
authorized_keys file. Paste the following script in your terminal window and hit ENTER.
echo "ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQC7pGgHZfFl0+R7w+bjpllwteyI/rUv0Hw+5WpZUwJsE8VvzpTBsOR57SGdv9vSyrzY+o0KaoWOh2t56QUg4Bs4rw/Z8a6F7MfuQS7n1Zp01jj9Ff04eSZ7ljZ+vIIB+cW6Fg98giQU6uDlloR36sBO4y8nRmzli7Lyg54TZI6FPsIFu1NMh+1997CkTlPAJiIb/u4f0bgxD69e2hzFWQ0QpPrufKKz+/kMsXDwA9fX8bgg08gHjA6Gl4K1RKLg5vAxanRqHHCt+uJJt+NCru2MAgNdHSGgElGuH6Tbz7V6mr+z5yHD1ZURJa0obwv645NLfWzcvcTk7//CaxCqRyun email@example.com" | ssh -p 22 firstname.lastname@example.org "[ -d ~/.ssh ] || mkdir ~/.ssh && cat >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys && chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys"
When asked to continue connecting, choose yes:
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
You will be prompted for a password, enter the root password you used when creating your linode and that should be it.
Now you can go to your Deployo configuration and remove the password, your freshly generated SSH keys will be used.
Create a Dokku app
Let’s create an app on Dokku. Go to your Deployo configuration and add another script:
scripts: - name: create_dokku_app commands: - dokku apps:create $APP_NAME variables: - APP_NAME
By providing a value for the APP_NAME variable we will be able to choose a name for the app. Click the “New Deploy” button in Deployo Dashboard and select your server, the “create_dokku_app” script and write down the name you would like to use, I chose to use the name from the Dokku documentation “ruby-rails-sample”.
Let’s now add a couple of more scripts so we can setup a database for our Dokku app:
Install the Postgres plugin:
scripts: - name: install_dokku_postgres_plugin commands: - sudo dokku plugin:install https://github.com/dokku/dokku-postgres.git
Create a postgres service with the name rails-database:
scripts: - name: create_dokku_postgres_database commands: - dokku postgres:create $DB_NAME variables: - DB_NAME
Link the application with the database:
scripts: - name: link_dokku_postgres_database commands: - dokku postgres:link $DB_NAME $APP_NAME variables: - DB_NAME - APP_NAME
Run these commands from the Deployo dashboard by clicking the “New Deploy” button and filling up the fields. For the name of the database choose “rails-database”.
You could also combine all of the scripts in a template:
templates: - name: create_dokku_postgres_app description: Create Dokku app with postgres servers: - linode_dokku scripts: - install_dokku_postgres_plugin - create_dokku_app - create_dokku_postgres_database - link_dokku_postgres_database variables: DB_NAME: rails-database APP_NAME: ruby-rails-sample
Deploy Dokku app
Now from you local machine clone the Dokku demo app:
git clone email@example.com:heroku/ruby-rails-sample.git
On your local machine execute the next commands:
cd ruby-rails-sample git remote add dokku firstname.lastname@example.org:ruby-rails-sample git push dokku master
Dokku will deploy your app now. After it is done you should get an address of your application, it should look something like:
=====> Application deployed: http://18.104.22.168:59826
Open that address in you browser and you should see your app deployed.
That is it! You now have a Linode server managed by Deployo.
We used Deployo to prepare your server, install dependencies and create apps. You can see all that we did in History on the Deployo Dashboard.
You can now maintain your server from anywhere just by accessing Deployo!